While software development processes have turned towards the user, with a focus on the customer's wants and visual choices, the software's backend is what keeps it running. Web and mobile applications will lack scalability, functionality, and responsiveness if their backend technologies aren't up to par. The backend of a software solution is the "behind the scenes" component that focuses on the app architecture and serves as a link between the frontend and the database.
What is Backend Development?
The backend of a website is server-side. It organizes and stores data, as well as ensures that everything on the client-side of the website functions properly. It's the section of the website you can't see or interact with. It's the component of the software that doesn't communicate with users directly. Users have indirect access to the pieces and attributes established by backend designers via a front-end application. The backend includes activities such as writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without user interfaces or even scientific programming systems.
The concentration of a backend developer is on databases, scripting, and website architecture. Back-end engineers write code that helps the browser communicate with the database. For example, Lucent Innovation makes many applications for merchants in Shopify. So to render data in any application a front end technology is used. Where the merchants can see the dashboard and the data comes from the database. To fetch this data we use Java as a backend development technology.
What is the backend web architecture made up of?
The following is a list of common backend web architecture components:
A server is a computer that collects information about users' interactions with a website, interprets it, and sends it across a network. Servers can be programmed to execute specific instances of code based on the inputs they receive. If a user inputs their credit card information on a website, your server may execute the payment automatically using a banking application.
Logic is the set of instructions that programmers enter into the backend to complete a task. Website logic is made up of algorithms and functions that enable websites to conduct various activities and output data based on how people interact with website elements. Backend web architecture programmers write logic that operates nearly entirely on servers, interpreting and providing outputs.
Frameworks are a set of rules for organizing your code, logic, and other components of your web architecture. Software engineers utilize frameworks, which are similar to templates for a website's backend, to make creating and editing code for their server easier. Data libraries and tools are included in some frameworks, allowing programmers to access functioning code portions. For example, instead of writing your unique script, a framework may contain a utility that allows for easier URL routing, which you can paste into your code.
Databases store the information that allows servers to control website functions. Databases in website backend architecture include information such as integers, characters, and arrays, which are collections of variables with a commonality. You can use databases to organize information for users to access through a variety of services. A database, for example, could be used by a server to get the selections for a pull-down menu on a website.
APIs, or application programming interfaces, allow software programme to exchange information with other servers and databases. For example, an API may enable a travel website to get flight price information from a variety of other websites to give users the cheapest price. APIs are used in the backend to make it easier to present data from multiple databases in one location.
Key differences between Front End Technology and Back End Technology:
It includes everything connected to the website's aesthetic and user-input features.
It comprises a web server with a database connection that responds to queries from the front end system.
It is a website or application's client-side functionality.
It is a website or application's server-side functionality.
It gathers user feedback.
It collects user input and processes it.
It is the Graphical User Interface (GUI) that allows users to interact with numerous web services.
Consider it is the brain of a website that allows it to function adequately.
It is in control of search engine optimization and accessibility.
It is in control of what happens to security and backup.
Python, Ruby, Perl, PHP,. Net, and other programming and scripting languages are utilized for back end development.
Mr. Krunal Prajapati, project tech lead at Lucent Innovation, quotes,
"The backend server architecture is the most significant part and plays an important role in allowing us to handle data conveniently." We use microservices, which break down the application into smaller bits so that if you need to add a new feature or fix an issue, you can do so quickly. We use the Java Springboot framework, as well as PHP and Node.js. Although backend engineers work "behind the scenes," their contribution to the success of a web application is critical. Furthermore, knowing the needs and desires of clients and stakeholders can aid in the development of successful system architecture and the provision of useful solutions.”
What are the different types of web architecture for the backend?
A layered structure
The functionalities of frameworks, APIs, and databases are separated into discrete units in layered design, allowing users to interact with each unit individually. This architecture frequently allows programmers to make changes to one unit without affecting the others. A programmer, for example, can modify the information in a database without affecting how an API interacts with it.
Architecture that is based on events
The event-driven architecture establishes a unit that receives all user inputs and routes them to the proper area. When a user completes an action on a website that necessitates the usage of a database, for example, the central unit employs logic to retrieve data from the database and then change it according to the user's activities. This enables a complete programme to function as a cohesive unit.
Microservices are a type of architecture.
Microservices architecture divides a website's operations into many discrete pieces, allowing each unit to run independently. This enables programmers to add new features to their websites without having to programme their interactions with other website parts. Microservices design, for example, allows an e-commerce website to perform transactions and obtain price data from two separate entities, each with its frameworks, logic, and APIs.
Benefits of using Backend Technology.
Users can readily access a website's functionality thanks to good backend web architecture. They develop environments in which users can quickly interpret information on a webpage and reduce the amount of work required for consumers to interact with online interfaces.
A translation website's efficient backend web infrastructure, for example, allows users to instantly translate words from several languages, even if they make small spelling errors. This is due to the website's backend architecture, which includes a robust server that processes user contributions quickly, a good API that connects to numerous online dictionaries, and code that compares spelling errors to suggested terms.
By allowing a program's logic to work without the user needing to view every piece of the code, backend web architecture allows website designers to have more control over their environment. This makes for better user-friendly surroundings by allowing the user to concentrate on the characteristics of the final webpage.
It also adds to security by limiting outside access to sensitive information. For example, an e-commerce website may conceal the logic that determines the current cost of products displayed on the site as well as the payment processing system that secures the company's financial information.
Users' computational requirements are reduced.
Instead of completing computations on the client-side or the user's computer, backend web architecture allows servers to do so. This could allow the website to run more efficiently and allow more users to access it regardless of their hardware, operating systems, or web browsers.
For example, a website that hosts a game may host the operations necessary for the game to function on its server to reduce the requirements for people running the game on their PCs.
Top backend technologies that should be considered in 2022
From our next blog, we will be looking at these technologies individually. Lucent Innovation tries to keep itself updated with the latest and advanced technology trends incorporating them into our work culture to achieve better business results.
Lucent Innovation is a full-service software design and development company and an expert e-commerce solution provider. We create custom applications for our clients leading to an improvement in the efficiency, increased growth and profitability of the business. We also build e-commerce websites that are ready to sell, scale and grow. We at Lucent Innovation have the talent that create robust front end applications with the latest trends.
Contact us for your next project!