Delve into the core of IoT communication through MQTT, the Messaging and Data Exchange Protocol. Recognized as an OASIS standard, MQTT presents a nimble publish/subscribe messaging transport designed for linking remote devices. This piece unravels MQTT's essential aspects, its importance, and its extensive use in various industries.
MQTT is an OASIS standard messaging protocol for the Internet of Things (IoT). It is designed as an extremely lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport that is ideal for connecting remote devices with a small code footprint and minimal network bandwidth. MQTT today is used in a wide variety of industries, such as automotive, manufacturing, telecommunications, oil and gas, etc.
Lightweight and EfficientMQTT clients are very small, require minimal resources so can be used on small microcontrollers. MQTT message headers are small to optimize network bandwidth.
Bi-directional CommunicationsMQTT allows for messaging between device to cloud and cloud to device. This makes for easy broadcasting messages to groups of things.
Scale to Millions of ThingsMQTT can scale to connect with millions of IoT devices.
Reliable Message DeliveryReliability of message delivery is important for many IoT use cases. This is why MQTT has 3 defined quality of service levels: 0 - at most once, 1- at least once, 2 - exactly once.
Support for Unreliable NetworksMany IoT devices connect over unreliable cellular networks. MQTT’s support for persistent sessions reduces the time to reconnect the client with the broker.
Security EnabledMQTT makes it easy to encrypt messages using TLS and authenticate clients using modern authentication protocols, such as OAuth.
MQTT Publish / Subscribe Architecture
MQTT, an OASIS standard, is a lightweight messaging protocol for IoT.